The US Environmental Protection Agency is preparing to release strict new proposed federal emissions standards for light-duty vehicles that, if implemented, would move the US car market decisively toward electric vehicles
over the next decade.
The EPA is considering emissions standards that could make up to two-thirds of new passenger vehicles sold in the US electric by 2032, according to a source familiar with the proposal.
If implemented, the new greenhouse gas performance standards would start for light-duty vehicles that are model year 2027 and gradually increase through model year 2032.
By 2032, the rules would ensure that 64% to 67% of all new-car sales in the US would be electric vehicles, according to the source.
The EPA’s proposal, which was first reported by The New York Times, comes after California air regulators voted last year to ban the sale of new gasoline-powered cars by 2035 and set interim targets to phase these cars out.
EPA spokesperson Tim Carroll did not comment on the specifics of the proposal but said the agency is working on developing new standards “to accelerate the transition to a zero-emissions transportation future, protecting people and the planet,” as directed by a previous executive order from President Joe Biden.
“Once the interagency review process is completed, the proposals will be signed, published in the Federal Register, and made available for public review and comment,” Carroll said.
The new rules could come as soon as Wednesday.
The EPA proposal is a monumental step toward zero-emissions vehicles, coming as the US tries to keep up with other countries racing toward EV adoption, one expert told CNN.
“I believe it’s pretty doable,” said Margo Oge, chair of the International Council on Clean Transportation and a former Obama EPA official. “The industry is there. Europe is ahead of the US, China is ahead of Europe, and these companies are global companies.”
Oge noted that in the US, California is already proposing 70% new zero-emissions vehicle sales by 2030 and other states are planning to adopt California’s rules – meaning much of the US car industry will be transitioning ahead of any proposed federal rule.
Still, the EPA’s proposal takes a different approach from California’s policy. Whereas California is mandating car companies sell a certain percentage of electric vehicles, the EPA would gradually raise greenhouse gas emissions standards to increasingly stringent levels from 2027 to 2032, pushing the industry toward electric vehicles to meet those high standards.
The EPA rule would ensure that the rest of the country and the US car industry would follow California’s lead, Oge said.
Biden has made electrifying the cars that Americans drive a key part of his climate goals. In 2021, the president set a new target that half of all vehicles sold in the US by 2030 would be battery electric, fuel-cell electric or plug-in hybrid.
The US Treasury Department is set to release rules for new federal electric vehicle tax credits on April 18. While these tax credits are complex and could take time for consumers to take full advantage of, experts hope they will help accelerate the transition to EVs in the US.
“Given the industry, the [Inflation Reduction Act] and what companies are doing globally, I just don’t see this number as being out of reach,” Oge said.
The proposed EPA rules will go through a lengthy public comment process and could be changed before they are finalized.
Biden Unveils Strictest-Ever Emissions Standards in Bid to Remake Auto Industry
Detroit News (4/12/23) reports: “The Biden administration on Wednesday is unveiling the “strongest ever” tailpipe emissions standards that are expected to push automakers to accelerate the proportion of electric vehicles in their U.S. sales to 67% by 2032. The proposed rules by the Environmental Protection Agency, which govern greenhouse gas emissions and other pollutants from light-duty vehicles such as cars, trucks and SUVs, call for a 56% reduction for the applicable model years 2027 to 2032. The EPA projects that by 2055, the rules would remove nearly 10 billion tons of carbon emissions — equal to twice the total U.S. carbon emissions in 2022 — reducing fine particulate matter in the air that can have negative health effects and potentially saving up to $1.6 trillion. EPA Administrator Michael Regan, in a virtual briefing ahead of a news conference on Wednesday morning in Washington, D.C., called the targets, which will undergo a public comment period before being finalized, “ambitious.” In August 2021, President Joe Biden had set a goal for half of new U.S. vehicle sales to be all-electric by 2030. Now, the new standard suggests EV penetration would be at 60% by 2030 to meet the proposed standards.”
“Automakers are still losing money in their quest to build all-EV fleets. Ford reported that its U.S. EV business had losses totaling $2.1 billion, a figure expected to rise to $3 billion in 2023. Ford finance chief John Lawler said it was normal for a startup to rack up losses, but if people have alternatives, not even the Inflation Reduction Act subsidies may be sufficient to turn car loving Americans into passive drivers of vehicles they cannot repair.” – Duggan Flanakin, Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow
President Biden’s EPA Forcing American Consumers to Buy Electric Vehicles Whether They Want Them or Not.
WASHINGTON DC (
04/12/2023) – Earlier today, the Environmental Protection Agency released a set of proposed rules that would effectively regulate cars with internal combustible engines out of business. The rule is an attempt to accelerate the number of electric vehicle sales to 67 percent by 2032.
Today, less than six percent of cars are electric, despite years of generous tax credits and other favorable treatment at all levels of government. The federal government is also providing tens of billions of subsidies to battery producers and offering prime parking spaces to electric vehicles with charging stations at nearly every shopping center in America.
AEA President Thomas Pyle issued the following statement:
“By proposing these rules, the Biden administration is effectively banning the internal combustion engine. To say that such a policy threatens the freedoms of ordinary Americans who cannot afford electric vehicles greatly understates the danger of these proposed rules. Electric vehicles may have their place in the market, but their obvious limitations are the reason why their sales currently only make up only a small percentage of the market. Consumer choice is a bedrock American principle, and Americans will not take kindly to being strong-armed into buying vehicles that are incapable of meeting their needs.
The fact that unelected bureaucrats have the power to remake the entire automobile fleet without a single legislator weighing in is another example of how the administrative state is threatening the freedoms of the American people.
Before he makes any more moves to take away your car, perhaps President Biden should lead by example and give up his Corvette.”
EPA’s light-duty and medium-duty rule:
Proposed Rule: Multi-Pollutant Emissions Standards for Model Years 2027 and Later Light-Duty and Medium-Duty Vehicles | US EPA
EPA’s proposed heavy-duty vehicle rule: Proposed Rule: Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards for Heavy-Duty Vehicles – Phase 3 | US EPA
EPA’s press release on the rules: Biden-Harris Administration Proposes Strongest-Ever Pollution Standards for Cars and Trucks to Accelerate Transition to a Clean-Transportation Future | US EPA
The green script has evolved from warning that ‘scarcity was on its way unless we made radical changes’ to now calling ‘for us to create scarcity deliberately’ | Climate Depot
Watch: Biden’s EPA Chief Micheal Regan: “Folks can feel the weight and the urgency that the climate crisis demands. That is why today, I am pleased to announce that the EPA is proposing the strongest-ever federal pollution technology standards for both cars and trucks.” – “Together, today’s actions will accelerate our ongoing transition to a clean vehicles future, tackle the climate crisis head on…”