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All G20 nations are missing climate goals: ‘Not a single G20 country has policies in place that are consistent’ with the UN Paris pact

Visualised: how all of G20 is missing climate goals — but some nations are closer than others
As world leaders gather at Cop28, these charts show how far away the major economies are from their targets.

Not a single G20 country has policies in place that are consistent with the Paris agreement’s goal of limiting global heating to 1.5C and meeting their “fair share” of emissions reduction.

The assessment, based on data up to 5 December provided by the Climate Action Tracker, comes as leaders gather in Dubai for the Cop28 conference.

It assesses each country against its “fair share” contribution to the effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, taking into account considerations such as the historical emissions of higher-income countries, which may increase their responsibility to take action. It also considers issues such as economic capability and welfare cost.


Eight G20 countries rated ‘critically insufficient’
Eight G20 countries – Argentina, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, Russia, Turkey, Canada, Mexico and Indonesia – would all be rated as “critically insufficient” when accounting exclusively for their fair share of contributions. This means their climate policies and commitments reflect minimal to no action, and would lead to warming of 4C (7.2F) above pre-industrial levels over this century.

EU and UK among those rated ‘highly insufficient’
China, Brazil, Australia, the EU and the UK would all be rated as “highly insufficient”, meaning their policies and commitments are not consistent with the 1.5C (2.7F) temperature rise limit when factoring in their historical emissions.